Tabetha Cooper
There are many crimes that can be committed. Some are deemed more heinous than others but all crimes are detrimental to the victims. To get a clearer understanding of crimes and how they affect society a person needs to know all about the crime. In this paper an evaluation of the elements and how the crimes are classified for kidnapping, first degree murder, and robbery will be discussed. In addition, a scenario of each will be given for a better understanding of the crime.

Kidnapping is classified as a crime against person. The mens rea of kidnapping is the intent to keep a person in confinement or to move them from their current location against their will. The actus reus of kidnapping is the act of actually forcing a person to leave their current location and relocating them to another location (Lippman, 2007, pp. 368).
Kidnapping: Jessica had just finished her shift at Hot Topic. As she exited the mall and headed for her car she began to feel that someone was watching her. As she approached her car someone pushed her in the door and into the passenger floor board. The offender demanded her keys and drove off holding her head down below the dash. Jessica begged the offender to let her go; she told him that he was welcome to everything she had if he would just leave her alone. A short time later the car came to a stop. The offender grabbed Jessica by the hair on her head and dragged her into an abandoned warehouse. He scanned her cell phone and found her mother’s phone number. He placed a call to her mother and demanded fifty thousand dollars in return for Jessica’s safe keeping. He then left the warehouse locking all doors. Jessica remembered nothing else until the police broke down the door and rescued her.
First degree murder is also classified as a crime against person. The mens rea of first degree murder is the intent to commit a planned and deliberate murder with malice aforethought (killing with extreme hatred) (Lipmann, 2007, pp. 387). The actus reus of first degree murder is the act of taking the life of another person and can extend to the taking of the life of another during another dangerous felony (www.law.cornell.edu).
First degree murder: Jeremy absolutely loved his wife Amber, but her mother April seemed to always find a way to start problems between them. Jeremy’s hatred for April grew more intense daily. April lost her home and needed a place to stay. Without Jeremy’s consent Amber allowed her mother to move in with them. As the first month passed Jeremy began to fantasize about killing his mother in law. One night after a big fight with Amber that was initiated by April, Jeremy went to his study and began to devise a plan to kill April. He knew that Amber planned on being out of town on a business trip at the beginning of the next month and determined that would be a great time to put his plan in action. He concocted a story that placed him out of town visiting relatives for the week that Amber was to be gone. Jeremy and Amber left the house at the same time, Amber to the airport and Jeremy to a hotel room across town. Late that night Jeremy returned home and shot April twenty seven times. He didn’t bother to wipe down the crime scene because it was his own home. He drove to a Taco Bell about a mile from the house and threw the gun into their dumpster. He went on his with week and allowed Amber to return home to find the decomposing body of her mother.
Robbery is classified as a crime against person but it also can be categorized as crime against property (Howe, 2006). The mens rea of robbery is the intent to deprive someone of their personal property. The actus reus is the act of taking property from a person or while a person is present by force or through intimidation (Lippman, 2007, pp. 489-490). Robbery falls into the second category of crime against property because if a robbery takes place in a person’s dwelling or in a store property can be damaged during the commission of the crime.
Robbery: Lucy is a major drug addict. She has tried everything to fight the habit but can’t. Lucy has just lost her job due to the fact that she gets high and forgets to go. She just took her last bit of drugs and is already trying to figure out how she is going to get her next “fix.” Lucy knows of a gentleman that lives two miles from her. He has a really nice house and from what she can tell he makes good money. She believes that if she can gain access to his home that he will have money there somewhere. Lucy waits for the sun to go down and sits in the manicured bushes of this man’s lawn. She sees through the window that he has just settled down for the evening and feels this is the perfect time to execute her plan to rob him. Lucy cuts the screen of an open window leading to the kitchen and climbs into the house. She rushes up behind the man and puts a knife to his throat, demanding all the money he has in the house. He agrees to comply and with the knife’s blade laying against his skin he gets up slowly. The man leads Lucy to the bedroom where he had just emptied his pockets on the dresser. She seen money slightly sticking out of his wallet and quickly grabbed it and the change on the dresser and ran out of the house. Once at home she realized there was a little over twelve hundred dollars in the wallet.
As can be seen by the elements and classifications described for kidnapping, first degree murder, and robbery this crimes can be detrimental to those victimized by them. The examples given shows how each of these crimes can be played out. As long as people are committing these crimes, the people in society have every right to fear that they may just be the next victim.
Howe, E.W. (2006). Crimes Against Property: Theft and Hybrid Crimes retrieved from www1.apsu.edu/oconnort/3010/3010lect06a.htm
Lippman, M. (2007). Contemporary Criminal Law: Concepts, Cases, and Controversies. Sage Publishing. Thousand Oaks, Ca.

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