The shadows of the epidemic revolution in Libya and other North African countries and Maxreq

Written by Alejandro M. 

Part I: Background and Causes
When Mohamed Bouazzi set fire to his own body to bonzo by despair of seeing his only source of livelihood was destroyed by the police, little did one imagine what would happen in the rest of the world, where today there are over 20 countries that have experienced the epidemic spread of protests to demand democratic reforms.  Some have been contained by the force, others based on social reforms, and still others have succumbed to the revolution leading to the ouster of their representatives.  

So at least we have told the media on  December 17, 2010, but there are voices that make us think of other possible conceptions of the “Arab spring " , putting the target in the hidden interests and possible consequences that will arise in the world.  Is it possible that there was a previous strategy by other countries or intelligence agencies to destabilize the religious majority Muslim countries?  What interests are in the riots in the Maghreb 1 and Maxreq 2 ?  Who benefits from this situation?  What consequences will it bring to the world?
The first mistake is often committed in the situation analysis of the riots is the generalization, for all countries of the Maghreb and Maxreq do not form a monolithic block, but each country has responded to some specific causes and different from the rest, as we see briefly in the chronological order in which the riots have been developed:
Tunisia is a model country for northern Africa, it has a large middle class, and in recent years have had liberal reforms such as empowerment, the abolition of polygamy and compulsory free education.  The problem lay in the regime, headed by Ben Ali.  He came to power after a coup and amended the constitution to extend his mandate, to ensure your family set in opposition to ensure the continuity of the regime and create an authoritarian police state.  The population of Tunisia is surprisingly young (55% under 25 years), which has led to all those who have had access to education after graduation, had no work since Tunisia lives mainly on agriculture and tourism.  This generated a high rate of unemployment (15%) and dissatisfaction of the university class.  The trigger: a college-educated young Tunisian who worked at a fruit stand was ruined because police destroyed it and in despair blew himself up publicly.  The situation is further aggravated when the government violently suppresses protests and finally the army and police joined the revolution.  Islamic fundamentalism has had little presence in the country.
Algeria is the most populous country and one of the richest in the Maghreb, with high literacy and 99% Muslim populous.  The riots began in January when they announced a further rise in commodities like bread, oil, and sugar.  The revolutionary triumph in Tunisia is then encouraged to seek the abandonment of Abdelaziz Bouteflika and the formation of a true democracy.
Egypt has been led for more than 30 years by Hosni Mubarak, but has been maintained thanks to the allies of the country: U.S., Saudi Arabia, and Israel.  The rise in food prices and high unemployment in the country had convulsed society.  The trigger: The former Egyptian president announced that the succession of his throne shall be held by his son Gamal, lasting on an ongoing basis throughout the family.  This caused thousands of Egyptians helped by social networks like Facebook should choose to be thrown into the streets, even though they are aware of the revolutionary victory of their neighbors the Tunisians.  In Egypt, there is a greater presence of Islamic fundamentalism, represented by the "Muslim Brotherhood", which was banned in the last election.  In this case, they support the revolution and while at first the are Allies, and the police defended the regime, with increasing protests, the  U.S. changes position and calls for the resignation of the leader of Egypt, and Saudi Arabia is silent offering asylum.  Mubarak finally runs away and gives up power.
Yemen is the poorest Muslim country.  Its ruler, Ali Abdullah Saleh has 32 ​​years in power and due to the unrest in the country and the collapse of the regime, Al Qaeda attempts to seize power.  Saleh has promised to abandon the scheme in May.
The case of Libya is even more exceptional.  Moamar Gaddafi came to power 42 years ago after a coup.  A part of his eccentricities, Gadhafi was hatched with a hatred of the West when doing business with Islamic terrorists, but what especially was bad was his idea to unify the peoples of Africa economically.  In the decade of 2000 gave a complete turnaround in its foreign policy, resuming ties with the West and signed business deals.  Growing unemployment and food prices, the revolution happened in Tunisia.  When he began the revolution in his country, Gadhafi blamed Mossad and al-Jazeera of promoting protests and blocking the social networking sites.  Gaddhafi takes crudeness and repressed the protests, which was used by the UN and NATO to convict and to allow the rebels to support causes that we will see later.
Unlike previous cases of countries with republics, monarchies endure pressure more popular, as is the case of Morocco , especially if they are less influenced by the West, as is the case of Saudi Arabia or Jordan .  The reason for this strength is that monarchies are better settled in the society, various political control and thus it can more easily negotiate the monarch.
Other countries affected by the riots have been Sudan, Mauritania, and Bahrain and now Syria , a country of particular concern from the point of view of terrorism, of harboring groups like Hamas and Al Fatah and if they could gain control.
Despite these differences between countries, the media have shown us the " jasmine revolution "as a spontaneous outburst of those people most oppressed by the tyranny of their governments, demanding human rights and democratic regimes.
However, not everyone thinks so, many people think they noticed a shadow in such spontaneity, the black hand of some countries, intelligence, and / or terrorist groups with an interest in destabilizing the governments of the same.  Some call them conspirators, they accuse the first of cynical or naive, but the fact is that there are arguments that can cause doubt.  Among supporters of a conspiracy are people like the presidents of Ecuador, Cuba, Russia, or Venezuela.  Also Spanish citizens living in Libya as Leonor Massaanet are convinced the instigation of the U.S. and other Western countries to engender riots and get your benefit, and Eleanor, tells us in his blog as Libya was remade for four years and Most of the town was under the regime of Muammar Qadhafi mediated.

The first symptom of conspiracy occurs on January 2, when hundreds of activists, cyber-block under the alias of " Anonymous "the website of the Tunisian regime, as had happened months before the government of Venezuela.  Just a month later, Google improves its technology to support the Egyptian rebels who had been blocked their pages in order of Mubarak.  Authors such as Thierry Meysson, Webster Tarpley and Michael Chossudovsky advocate handling of the riots by the United States, but completely if only partially.  Meysson believes that given the current strong expansion of China and Russia in Africa, the U.S. goal is to install political puppets to curb such development and combat power of Iran and its allied groups.  Tarpley believes the same way and charged directly to the CIA.  For its part Chossudovsky, points out that dictators overthrown in Tunisia and Egypt have already been elected by the finger of the USA and the aim now is to supplant them with new ones that they have greater international credit and thus weaken the ties that some countries have to France, Italy, China, or Russia.  A significant fact is that the report of Transparency International, 2009 revealed that Tunisia was less corrupt than some states like Russia, China, or the European Union, Greece and Romania.  
To make matters worse, recently the newspaper The New York Times has published a secret government report that U.S. President Obama had asked in August 2010 for a report to ascertain what would be the hottest spots to a revolution in the Arab world .  The results confirmed to the President that Bahrain and Yemen were the most ripe for revolt against their regimes, however, the President requested that the report will focus on Egypt and its ally to seek proposals on how political change might fertilize.  The report also encouraged the President of the possible links with Al-Qaeda Yemen.
Other authors contend that the U.S. allies in North Africa, Iran and its tentacles have been fundamentalists who have promoted the revolution, although it seems more accurate than just the have tried to capitalize on their behalf.
It is possible that there was a movement instigated the riots, or however that it is just leverage the same to try not to lose power, as a conspiracy reluctant to argue that for many countries (including the U.S.),it has been a difficult problem and they have lost several allies in the region, such as Egypt or Tunisia, and may pose a threat in other countries where they are more entrenched ties of Al-Qaeda as Yemen or Syria.

1 Al-Maghrib in Arabic.  Also called the west referring to the western part of the Arab world.  Traditionally, this term referred to North Africa and includes the nations of Morocco, Tunisia, Algeria, Mauritania, Western Sahara and Libya
2 opposite to the previous finish and called Mashreq or Levante.  It covers the regions of Egypt, Arabian Peninsula and Middle Eastern Muslim countries.

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Special Contributions:
Leonor Massanet
Yara Youssef francisco

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