5.30.2011

The shadows of the epidemic revolution in Libya and other countries of the Maghreb and Maxreq. Part II: The case of Libya.



Written by Alejandro Manso | 
"Cynicism and Humanitarianism?
Why do you support the UN and NATO intervention in Libya and not in other countries, in which also are headed by a tyrant, like Iran, North Korea, Yemen, Jordan, Cuba, Syria...? Before answering, I will address some data that we might glimpse on the reasons about the situation in Libya:
  •     It is a modern country with high literacy in African countries.
  •     Is the 15 th country in the world in oil production by OPEC itself, producing 1.47 million barrels of oil a day.
  •     The 8 th in the world in terms of oil reserves to 46 billion barrels without removing, are all priced at a value of 277 billion dollars . This large amount of reserves is considered the highest quality in the world while stressing the ease of extraction, found near Earth's surface.
  •     90% of these oil fields are intended for consumption in the EU
  •      It is estimated that Libya's central bank has 110 billion dollars
  •      The IMF has announced that Gaddafi has "declared" 143.8 tons of gold in Central Bank of Libya.
  •      The National Oil Corporation is ranked 25 in terms of oil companies in the world and is central to the Gaddafi government.
  •      Also known for its natural gas reserves , reaching the value of 54 trillion cubic feet, placing it in country number 13 in world rankings.
  •      It has the second largest reserve of fresh water, about 12,000 km ³. This reserve is below the Sahara Desert and through the construction of a large engineering project traverses the country to cater to the coastal areas (Great Mon Made River Project).
To make matters worse, the Libyan dictator Gaddafi holds a personal wealth spread for decades around the world, which is reconciled with the West, and currently is being seized. Among his possessions known,  has a publisher and a shopping center in the United Kingdom, land in southern Spain, shares in a bank and a gun company in Italy and even the soccer team Juventus. He also has investments primarily in Italy, but also in Germany, Spain, France, or Turkey. In total, we calculated that the estate as known could range between 80 and 150 billion dollars. A report has found that only Switzerland has 280 million Euros.
All this might seem reason enough to be the backdrop for the support of the intervention however, this is not enough. Of course, the support and protection of civil rights is not Libyan, and has been Barack Obama's own admission. Therefore, it seems clear that Libya has taken a number of circumstances that have facilitated the intervention;
  1.    Libya is a very rich country
  2.    Has been severely affected by the upheavals of its neighbors in Egypt and Tunisia
  3.    Governed by a dictator Gaddafi
  4.    What gets done with the rejection of everything Western, despite the " excellent "in recent years, both parties were responsible for selling. Fell out with other African countries and  Islamic fundamentalism, which has come to cross the promoter of civil war.
  5.     All these circumstances have led to reach a consensus in international bodies against the regime of Gaddafi to call him a " grave danger to international security ”.This support has been critical of the Arab League, which never supports any Western intervention, which leads to social acceptance around the world to support the rebels in Libya.
The media continue to show as it is a different war in Iraq, because it is backed by the UN, and in a survey in our country, 60% of the Spanish supported the intervention in Libya, but others think the difference is that with that support the aim is to divide the huge bounty by more parts, not just keep it from the U.S. and achieve socially unopposed ground as in the Iraq war. In the end, it is in any case of a war, which apart from political and strategic interests, there are economic advantages.
It matters little if Gaddafi had left in 2003 prohibited weapons program, if in 2006 the U.S. labeled Libya to the terrorist country list, if it deems Italy an ally or if several countries have negotiated with the Libyan dictator about weapons, including Spain.  In 2008 he sold bombs, rockets, torpedoes and missiles for $ 3.8 million in 2009 radars and chemicals valued at 12.7 million and in 2010 more weapons worth 6.9 million Euros. The countries that mostly sell weapons to Libya are Italy, Malta, Germany, France, and the UK.
As it happened in Iraq under Saddam H., Gaddafi refused to make oil deals with other countries in dollars or Euros, they were held in LD, and therefore had to pass through the Central Bank of Libya, which is a serious problem for Obama and Sarkozy. The latter stated that we were facing a serious financial problem, when Gadhafi proposed last year to unify Africa and the Middle East in the same currency. It is ironic that just two weeks before the bombing Gaddafi its own people to quell the protests, the IMF "commended" the Libyan government their agenda of future and "encouraged" them to follow in that line . In the same report, the IMF also praised the reforms of the administration of Tunisia not to mention the lack of food that days later would be the main cause of the revolution.
The most amazing thing happened on  March 19th. In the midst of civil war in Libya, the rebels reported the formation of a central bank even before the formation of a government, "announced the appointment of Central Bank of Benghazi as the monetary authority responsible monetary policies and the appointment of Libya a governor of the Central Bank of Libya, with temporary headquarters in Benghazi. This suggests that behind the humble revolutionary influences there knew exactly what to do.
Finally, although limited initially agreed to establish a no-fly zone, it did not take in air and sea support from the rebels. Now it is negotiating to supply the rebels officially with weapons. Unofficially, it was found that is being conducted from the border with Egypt. It would not be surprising that, if war is extended for a long time, we would remember the military intervention, but now there is no going back.
After these examples it is irrefutable that the intervention in Libya does not primarily aim at developing humanitarian rights of the Libyan people. From this point, you can be in opposition to the war or in favor of it, but taking into account the interests of protecting countries differ from those arguments that they claim in their speeches.

You may want to access the first part of the study by clicking here

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