What Is It About Those Who Have Sexual Addiction That Should Concern You About Your Child’s Safety? Part XXIV

Lawrence W. Daly, MSc

I have been impressed with the urgency of doing. Knowing is not enough; we must apply.
Being willing is not enough; we must do.”
                                                                                                                                    Leonardo da Vinci

What is the function of Dopamine inside out body? What many roles does it play and why does are body use it? These are questions many people ask when it comes to evaluating sexual addicts and sexual offenders. The neurotransmitter is created in the brain by the hypothalamus. Dopamine does play a critical role in the way our brain controls our movements. Dopamine plays a role in controlling the flow of information from other areas of the brain.

So why is dopamine even an issue to write about when it comes to sexual addicts and sexual offenders? The reason is dopamine deals with the “sexual pleasures of the brain”; it provides feelings of enjoyment and reinforcement to motivate us as individuals into certain and specific activities.

Doesn’t the “sexual pleasures of the brain” seem too mundane and simple of an explanation for the body to use dopamine? According to research dopamine isn’t all roses. Apparently dopamine is released when an individual is doing something bad. Further, research has suggested that the firing of dopamine neurons occur when a pleasurable activity is expected, regardless of whether it actually happens or not.

Research had concluded that when dopamine is not consistent in its system formation in the brain, it can be linked to psychosis and schizophrenia. This may occur in the mesolimbic pathway. A drug called phenothiazine’s which blocks D2 dopamine receptors can reduce psychotic symptoms. Included in drugs which affect the dopamine responses are amphetamine and cocaine, which increases dopamine levels and can cause psychosis when utilized by an individual excessively. Many antipsychotic drugs are designed to block the dopamine functions in some manner.

In total dopamine can make a difference in how a sexual addict and sexual offender respond to specific situations. What is interesting is the type of drugs which are taken by the individual may make a determination if the sexual act would be successful or not. Blocking the ability to get dopamine to connect to the proper neurotransmitters can cause serious frustration on an individual who wants to reach sexual gratification.

It seems reasonable that the sexual addict and offender are thinking alright on this sexual position I hope the dopamine kicks in. These types of thoughts may be something a sexual addict or offender would be thinking about when they are viewing pornography. Further, what made the sexual addict and offender find previous sexual gratification may not be the same feeling they are having at the current time.

When the sexual addict and offender decide that they need assistance in dealing with their problem they knew at some point they would have to disclose when the dopamine worked and when it didn’t. This aspect of the addiction is very important as the addict and offender will have to detail to the mental health practitioner what turns them on, how, what stimulates them and what ultimately brings them sexual gratification.

The questions the sexual addict and offender will be asked depends upon the type of professional who deals with sexual addicts and offenders and at what level is the professional responsible for.

In order to ascertain the addicts and offenders state of affairs the professional has to begin the interview where the addict and offender would be most comfortable to begin telling about his sexual addiction or offender journey.

If educated and experienced the professional should have the ability to gauge the addicts or offenders state of mind. Further, how the professional would begin the interview. The need to ascertain the basics is common sense and easy enough to begin asking the proper questions.

The professional generally does not know much about the background of the sexual addict or offender. However, depending on the professional’s status, title, or position, will provide the level of knowledge about who the addict or offender is to the professional.

Some of the professionals who deal with sexual addicts or offenders may be psychiatrists, psychologists, mental health professionals, pastors, counselors, and so forth. These professionals may have initial or long term contact with the addict or offender after this initial contact and interview.

The purpose of the sexual addict and offender in having contact with the professional is to establish the problem, how out of control the addict and offender are and possibly what the future held for them.

The initial time which the professional and addict or offender will expend together will be determined by the sense of urgency of the situation by all of the parties involved. The sense of urgency being surrounded by several aspects must consider the following:

1.      If the addict and offender is in a state of mania i.e. possibly bi-polar symptoms, the lack of consistency, highs and lows and so forth.
2.      If the addict and offender is depressed and maybe a threat to themselves or others.
3.      If the addict and offender is insistent that they didn’t need to be speaking to any professionals, especially their pastor.
4.      If the addict and offender want a quick resolution to the situation there may be some negotiating occurring between all of the parties involved.
5.      If the addict and offender is willing to discuss his/her problem.
6.      If the addict and offender is willing to admit the seriousness of their problem and are on the same page as their spouse or partner, i.e. they need to get into a recovery program now.

As we have seen today, dopamine is a powerful neurotransmitter which reacts to multiple scenarios. These scenarios are predicated by the actions and behavior of the sexual addict or offender. Once the addict or offender determines what type of dopamaniac individual they have become will determine just how sick the individual is and what steps need to be taken so the addict or offender can receive some assistance.

Once the addict or offender makes contact with a professional whom they are comfortable with, the need for further contact should be a reasonable and plausible step in the process. Being interviewed at which level will determine how much historical information the professional has about the addict or offender. In the end the decision of what to do with the sexual addict or offender will depend upon the sense of urgency in reference to the issues and what the recovery process will potentially entail.

Remember April is Sexual Assault Awareness Month.

Lawrence W. Daly
253-852-6702 B/P
253-852-6704 Fax
Kent, WA

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