Review of Available Light and Night Photography in Color And, Black and White by Robert B. Gorrill

by Elizabeth Hall

Purpose of Article
Photography Course - The Camera: The Sensor - ...
Photography Course - The Camera: The Sensor - Lesson 6
(Photo credit: Marco Crupi Visual Artist)
Mr.  Gorrill (2005) gives a complete overview of night photography in his article titled “Available Light and Non Light Photography in Color and Black and White”.  At the same time, he expresses that the purpose of the article is to entice readers into exploring night photography with experimentation, curiosity, and imagination while having a great time producing high quality night images.  The assumption that Mr. Gorrill has is that if you get out and explore photography at night with a small amount of direction, and practice, you could produce these similar types of photographs yourself and that you will have a great time (Gorrill, 2005).
English: Effect of different shutter speeds on...
English: Effect of different shutter speeds on photograph. In photography, shutter speed is a common term used to discuss exposure time, the effective length of time a camera's shutter is open. Slower shutter speeds are often selected to suggest movement in a still photograph of a moving subject. Fast shutter speeds freeze a moving subject on photograph. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Methods that are utilized to take clearer pictures at night involve adjusting the aperture and the ISO to slow the shutter speed down Gorrill, 2005).  Controlling the exposure also is a key to successful night photography.  The topics in the article included the camera settings and film speeds of the camera he was using.  The article gave the settings for many different backgrounds, including where to begin for exposure, what sort of equipment is needed.  Instructions for   The article also touches on light sources to give beginners a grasp of the concepts including suggesting that the reader practice until material is second nature (Gorrill, 2005). 

Personal Experience or Outside Research
Mr. Gorrill (2005) has reason to believe his hypothesis, because he has done the same thing that he is asking you to complete.  For this reason, he concludes that this is just a great experience for anyone to have.  In reality, some people may have great experiences and others may not.  It depends on the luck of the photographer in being at the right place and the right time.  Weather, availability, and time restraints play a factor in whether you get the opportunity for a great shot or just a good one. 
This article about using accessories and simple tools to enhance the photographic detail and is very informative in the art of taking beautiful images at night.  The information was very easy to process, and kept the material interesting with personal anecdotes.  Mr. Gorrill obviously enjoys taking pictures at night; however, he may have come on a little strong with the insistence of exploration.  Many people would rather just have the instructions in society today, in bullet points preferably.  
Implications and Available Light
English: Slow shutter speed light streaks of m...
English: Slow shutter speed light streaks of moving traffic in London areas of Islington and near Waterloo Station (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Implications that are noted are that if you are taking pictures in what is deemed a private place, even shopping malls and restaurants, holds Gorrill (2005), you may not be allowed to take any or keep the ones that you have taken if the owners want to make a fuss.  Available light is defined in the article (Gorrill, 2005), as any source of light excluding direct sunlight that could still possess illumination even with the sun as the source of light.  Some of the sources of available light include that coming into a window from the sun outside, halogen lighting, mercury vapor and even spotlights are mentioned.    Variations in settings between full moon lighting and a bright streetlight are less than a setting with the lowest at ISO 400 with one 500th of a second and the ISO 64-100 at one 30th of a second Gorrill (2005). 

Gorrill, R.B., (2002).  Available Light and Night Photography in Color and Black & White.  PSA Journal.  Vol. 68.  Iss.  8; p. 26.  Retrieved From:  http://ehis.ebscohost.com.lib.kaplan.edu/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=684747da-eb34-4eae-8654-8668c08d7b17%40sessionmgr110&vid=2&hid=116

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